Mtengo wamakangaza: Kukolola Kwachisanu M'nyengo Yachisanu

Navigation Mwamsanga

Punica granatum, mtengo wamakangaza, ndi mtengo wokhawo. Kupanga chipatso chachilendo chodzazidwa ndi timitsuko tating'onoting'ono kapena timatumba ta msuzi wokoma, mtengo uwu unachokera kudziko lina ndipo wakhala wotchuka ku United States.



Tonsefe timadziwa makangaza ngati kugwa ndi zipatso zachisanu, zowoneka ku cornucopia pa Thanksgiving kapena kubalalika pakati pa nthambi za paini pa Khrisimasi. Koma msuzi wa chipatso ichi amagwiritsidwa ntchito chaka chonse mu grenadine pazakumwa zosakanizika, ndipo amadzaza ndi ma antioxidants ndi mavitamini. Ndiwowonjezera modabwitsa pazakudya zabwino!

Itha kubzalidwa ngati kamtengo ka zipatso kapena shrub yokongola, m'minda yaying'ono kapena yayikulu. Tikunyamula maupangiri athu odzaza mitengo yamakangaza yosangalatsa kwambiri!

Ena Mwa Mitundu Yathu Yokonda Makangaza:



Pezani Makangaza a 'Russian Red'

Pezani Kangaza 'Wodabwitsa'

Pezani Kangaza 'Wokoma'



Zogulitsa Zabwino Kwa Olima Makangaza:

Chithandizo Chachangu

Mtengo wamakangaza
Mtengo wamakangaza ndi wokongola, wopatsa zipatso kuwonjezera pamunda.
Maina wamba: Khangaza
Dzina la Sayansi punica granatum
Banja: Lythraceae
Chigawo: 8-11
Kutalika & Kufalikira: Kutalika kwa 16'20 'ngati mtengo, nthawi zambiri amasungidwa pansi pa 6'
Kuwala Dzuwa lonse
Nthaka Chonde chachonde, chodula bwino
Madzi: 50-60 ″ pachaka (pafupifupi 1 ″ pa sabata)
Tizilombo ndi Matenda: Gulugufe wamakangaza, mealybugs, scale, thrips, whiteflies, nthata. Amakhala ndi masamba, masamba owola, ndi botrytis.

Zonse Zokhudza Mtengo Wamakangaza

Mtengo wamakangaza bonsai
Ku Japan, makangaza amakhala amtengo wapatali ngati mitengo ya bonsai yophunzitsidwa bwino.

Magwero a makangaza adachokera ku Iran kumwera chakum'mawa kupita ku India, koma atapezeka kuti ndi okoma amafalikira ngati moto wolusa. Polankhulidwa m'nthano ndi zolemba zachipembedzo, makangaza adapezeka munthawi zonse ku Europe, Asia, ndi Africa. Aigupto amagwiritsa ntchito zojambulajambula; Agiriki adauza nthano za Persephone kudya koma ma arils ochepa ali ku Underworld. Anayamikiridwa mu Chipangano Chakale cha Baibulo.

salvia guaranitica 'wakuda ndi wabuluu'

Pena pake chakumapeto kwa zaka za m'ma 1800, mlimi wina wotchedwa 'Wonderful' adapita ku California, ndipo udakhala chipatso chotchuka kuno. Koma imalimanso kum'mwera kwa United States, Mexico ndi South America, komanso pafupifupi nyengo ina iliyonse yotentha padziko lonse lapansi.

Shrub yambirimbiri imatha kulimidwa ngati kamtengo kakang'ono kapena kumanzere komwe kuli shrubby. Monga gwava wa chinanazi, imapanga mphukira molunjika kuchokera pamizu, chifukwa chake imayenera kuchepetsedwa pansi ngati ikula ngati mtengo. Masamba ake ndi otentha m'malo otentha komanso obiriwira nthawi zonse.

Ngati amasungidwa ngati mawonekedwe a shrub, nthawi zambiri amasungidwa pafupifupi 6 'wamtali. Monga mtengo wazipatso, umatha kufikira kutalika kwa 20 'wamtali, koma nthawi zambiri umasungidwa ngati wocheperako.

Kukula mu Julayi ndi Ogasiti, maluwawo ndi ofiira ofiira. Ndi okongola kwambiri, amapereka mawonekedwe owonetsa pamtengo. Maluwa achikazi, ngati mungu wochokera mungu, udzasanduka zipatso. Pansi pa maluwawo ndi chikopa, cholimba chomwe chimapanga masamba kumapeto kwa zipatso zamtsogolo, ndipo masamba ndi ma stamens adzauma ndipo atha kugwa.

Masamba ndi aatali komanso owonda. M'madera ofunda kumatha kukhala kobiriwira. Komabe, m'malo ambiri amasanduka achikasu. Kuyambira kugwa, mtengo umataya masamba, koma kuti abwerere mchaka.

Pali mitundu yolima ingapo. Ku United States, ena mwa omwe amapezeka kwambiri ndi Chofiira cha Russia , Zodabwitsa , Silika Wofiira, Zokoma , ndi Grenada. Mitundu yaying'ono yotchedwa Nana ndi yotchuka ku Japan yophunzitsira bonsai. Imabala zipatso zomwe zimangodutsa 2 ″ zokha, ndipo zimatha kulimidwa mosavuta.

Punica granatum, mtengo wamakangaza, umakula bwino kwambiri pamadera 8-11. Ngakhale kulima m'nyumba ndichotheka, khangaza shrub nthawi zambiri silingachite bwino mkati. Itha kukhala ndi masamba, ndipo itha kutulutsa maluwa, koma nthawi zambiri imabala zipatso.

Zomwe

Maluwa a makangaza mu gawo la mphukira
Mphukira yamaluwa yamakangaza iyi imatseguka ikakonzeka kuti ichitike mungu.

Kupanga maluwa ndi zipatso zochuluka ndikosavuta ndi zitsamba ndi mitengo. Tsatirani malangizo omwe ali pansipa ndipo mudzapeza kuti mukupeza zipatso m'zaka zochepa!

Kuwala & Kutentha

Monga mitengo yambiri, dzuwa lonse ndiye chisankho chabwino kwambiri cha makangaza anu. Ngakhale imatha kulekerera mthunzi wamasana pang'ono, imafunikira maola 8 pa tsiku kuti ikule bwino.

Zipatso zamakangaza ndizabwino kumadera omwe amakhala ndi nyengo yotentha, yotentha komanso yozizira. Madera omwe nthawi zambiri amakhala m'ma 90 nthawi yachilimwe amakhala abwino. Koma ndi nyengo yozizira, sindikutanthauza kuzizira kwambiri. Kutentha pansi pa 12º F kumavulaza kwambiri mbewu zanu. Anthu omwe amalima makangaza awo ngati zitsamba ayenera kugwiritsa ntchito mtundu wina wa bulangeti lachisanu ngati kutentha kulowerera mpaka zaka za m'ma 30. Olima mitengo amayeneranso kuteteza chisanu, ngati bulangeti lachisanu kapena kukulunga thunthu ndi nthambi.

Kutengera kusiyanasiyana kwanu, makangaza anu atha kukhala olimba nyengo yachisanu. Sankhani mtundu womwe umakula bwino mdera lanu.

echeveria 'ngale ya nuremberg'

Mitengoyi imakula bwino m'malo ovuta 8-11. M'madera ozizira kwambiri, amatha kubzala zidebe ndikubweretsa m'nyumba m'nyengo yozizira, koma amayenera kubwezeredwa panja kutentha. Onetsetsani kuti mumapereka zowunikira zambiri pazomera zopitilira muyeso!

Madzi & Chinyezi

Ngakhale mitengo ya makangaza imatha kupirira chilala, imachita bwino ikakhala ndi madzi okwanira. Ma axil amafunikira madzi kuti adzaze madzi, ndipo shrub kapena kukula kwa mitengo kumavutika ndi chilala chotalikirapo.

Kutengera nthaka yanu chinyezi, mungafunike kuthirira madzi pafupipafupi. Mulch wambiri ungateteze chinyezi cha nthaka ndikuchepetsanso kuchepa kwamadzi.

Ndizovuta kudziwa kuchuluka kwa makangaza a madzi chifukwa zimadalira nyengo yomwe ali. Kuganiza bwino kuli pakati pa mainchesi 50-60 pachaka, yomwe imakhala pafupifupi 1 ″ pa sabata kapena kupitirirapo. Popeza simudzafunika kuthirira madzi nthawi yayitali kugwa ndi nthawi yozizira popeza mtengowo sunakhazikike, zomwe zimachepetsa kufunikirako pang'ono. Mvula imadaliranso zosowa zanu zothirira, chifukwa chake musaiwale kuti!

Nthawi zazikulu pachaka zoperekera chinyezi chowonjezerapo zidzakhala nthawi yotentha kwambiri kumapeto kwa masika, chilimwe, komanso miyezi yotentha yoyambilira kugwa. Pamalo amenewa, pafupipafupi mvula imakhala yocheperako. Koma musawopsyeze ngati ziuma pang'ono musanapereke chinyezi chochuluka. Makangaza anu adzapulumuka.

Ngakhale mitengo iyi imapirira chinyezi, imakonda malo owuma kwambiri.

Nthaka

Mtengo wamakangaza mumaluwa
Maluwa a makangaza ndi owoneka bwino komanso owoneka bwino akaphulika.

Chipatso chachonde ndichabwino kwa makangaza anu shrub kapena mtengo. Iyenera kukhala yotulutsa bwino, koma yolemera pazinthu zamagulu. Onjezerani kompositi musanadzalemo ngati mukufuna kuwonjezera zomwe zili organic.

Osataya chiyembekezo, komabe. Zomera zanu zidzakulabe ngakhale dothi lanu silili labwino. Makangaza amatha kumera m'mitundu yambiri. Kuchokera ku acidic ndi loamy mpaka zamchere ndi calcareous, adzagwiritsabe. Adzachita bwino ngakhale mu dothi lamiyala, miyala.

Pewani dongo lolimba lolimba zivute zitani. Nthaka imeneyo ndiye yokha yomwe sangakule bwino. Dongo limatha kulepheretsa ngalande, ndipo ngati madzi amadzaza mozungulira mtengowo, amatha kubweretsa mavuto akulu.

Mtundu wa pH wa nthaka yanu uyenera kukhala wopanda mbali pang'ono. Ngakhale mitengo yanu imatha kumera munthaka wamchere, nthawi zambiri imakumana ndi zovuta zotenga chitsulo ndi micronutrients ina.

Feteleza

Nayitrogeni ndi michere yofunika kwambiri pamasamba. Kwa zaka zingapo zoyambirira, ndikofunikira kuonetsetsa kuti mitengo imapeza nayitrogeni wowonjezera. Popeza maluŵa amadzakhala zipatso, ndizofunikiranso kuthira manyowa maluwa ndi zipatso m'zaka zotsatira.

Dulani feteleza chaka choyamba, chifukwa nthaka yanu iyenera kukhala yolemera yokwanira kuthandizira chomeracho. M'chaka chachiwiri, muyenera kuyika makapu 1-2 a feteleza wa nayitrogeni wamkulu pachaka chonse. Ikani kumayambiriro kwa masika komanso kumayambiriro kwa kugwa. Khangaza lanu shrub lidzayamikira, ndipo lidzakuthandizani kuti likhazikike.

M'zaka zotsatira, sankhani chilinganizo choyenera chomwe chili osachepera 10-10-10 NPK. Muthanso kugwiritsa ntchito feteleza yemwe amakonzekeretsanso zitsamba ndi mitengo. Kachiwiri, manyowa kumayambiriro kwa masika ndi koyambirira kugwa. Osamathira manyowa kumapeto kwa dzinja kapena nthawi yozizira chifukwa mtengowo umangogona. Mtengo wanu suyenera kufuna feteleza pachimake pachilimwe.

Mukamapereka feteleza, perekani feteleza wanu wochokera ku 6 ″ kutali ndi thunthu mpaka 6 ″ kunja kwa denga la mtengo. Igwiritsireni ntchito mosakhazikika pamwamba pa nthaka ndikuthira nthaka kuti isasunthe bwino.

Kufalitsa

Khangaza wobiriwira wamwana
Maluwawo akayamba kufota, amasanduka chipatso cha makangaza.

Kufalitsa makangaza kumachitika m'njira imodzi mwanjira ziwiri. Mwina imera kuchokera ku mbewu, kapena wina amatha kutenga mitengo yolimba kapena yolimba.

Zocheka ziyenera kukhala zazitali pensulo ndi 6-8 ″ m'litali kapena smidge yayitali. Payenera kukhala tsamba la masamba podula inchi kuchokera pansi. Izi zimadulidwa siziyenera kukhala ndi masamba.

chifukwa chiyani dieffenbachia yanga ikutembenukira chikaso

Chotsani khungwa lam'mwamba pambali ziwiri zodulira pansi pamfundo. Samalani kuti musachotse nkhuni zilizonse, khungwa lokha. Sakanizani kudula timadzi tomwe timayambitsa pamwamba pamtengo wamasamba, ndikuyika malo osungira bwino. Sungani chinyezi mozungulira kudula, koma onetsetsani kuti nthaka kapena kudula sikudzaza kwathunthu.

Mbewu zitha kutulutsidwa ndikuswa ma aril, ndikutulutsa msuzi wozungulira mbewuyo. Tsukani nyembazo ndi kuziumitsa kuti muchotse khungu lililonse lotsalira. Mukangouma, sungani m'firiji kwa milungu ingapo musanafese, popeza njere zimafuna 'nyengo yozizira' isanakwane. Kutentha kwa dothi kwa 75 mpaka 85 ° F kumafunikira kuti kumere.

Zipatso

Masango osapsa pamtengo wamakangaza
Makangaza obiriwira amayenera kupsa pamtengo asanakolole.

Kulimbikitsa khangaza ku zipatso ndikosavuta monga kudikirira kuti njuchi zibwere… koma sizophweka nthawi zonse.

Choyamba, muyenera kukhala otsimikiza kuti mtengo wanu ndi zipatso zosiyanasiyana. Pali mitundu yamakangaza yomwe imatulutsa maluwa yomwe imangobala maluwa koma singathe kubala zipatso. Njira yabwino yowonetsetsa kuti zitsamba zanu zikubala zipatso ndi kugula ku kampani yodalirika.

Kuulutsa mungu kwambiri kumachitika ndi njuchi chifukwa zimalowa mkati mwa duwa lililonse. Ngati simukuwona njuchi zambiri kapena tizilombo tina timene timanyamula mungu pamene shrub yanu ili maluwa, mungafune kuthira mungu kuti muwonetsetse zipatso zabwino. Mutha kulimbikitsa operekera mungu kuti athandize pobzala mbewu zina zomwe zimatulutsa tizilombo toyambitsa matenda.

Kuyendetsa mungu m'manja kumayenera kuchitika m'mawa. Mutha kugwiritsa ntchito zida zosiyanasiyana kuti muchite izi, koma ndimakonda maburashi ojambula amtundu wofewa kapena swabs swabs. Maluwawo atatsegulidwa m'mawa, fufuzani omwe ali ndi mungu womwe ungatenge. Gwiritsani ntchito swab kapena burashi kuti mutole mungu, kenako muwapukutse mkati mwa duwa pansi pa stamens. Pitani ku duwa lotsatira ndi mungu pang'ono kuchokera koyambirira ndikubwereza izi.

Pansi pake, duwa limakhala ndi chotupa chapakati. Muyenera kuvala manyazi ndi mungu, makamaka kuzungulira pakati. Mungu umalowa mu dzenje laling'ono pakatikati pa manyazi ndikulowa mu dzira la maluwa, lomwe pamapeto pake limakhala chipatso.

Chipatso chikayamba kupangika, onetsetsani kuti mukuthirira nthawi zonse. Kuti mupange msuzi wokoma wamakangaza mkati mwa aril, mtengowo udzafunika chinyezi - ndipo ngati simukuupereka wokwanira, mutha kudwala zipatso musanapite! Sungani mitengo yanu yazipatso nthawi zonse pamene ikupanga zipatso.

Kudulira

Makangaza okhwima
Makangaza akamacha, pang'onopang'ono amakhala ofiira ofiira ofiira.

Maluwa a makangaza amakula mwatsopano pa nsonga za nthambi, osati matabwa akale. Chifukwa chaichi, ndikofunikira kuchepetsa kudulira kulikonse m'nyengo yachisanu nthawi yachisanu. Kukula kwatsopano kumeneku kudzapangidwa pamitengo yazaka 2-3, kotero inunso mukufuna kukhala osankha bwino.

Lembani zodulira zonse chaka choyamba mutabzala makangaza anu shrub kapena mtengo. Izi zimapatsa mbewu zanu zazing'ono nthawi yakukhazikika ndikutambasula mizu yake.

Mukamakula zitsamba zamakangaza, mudzafuna mitengo ikuluikulu 3-6 kuti ikhazikike. Ngati shrub yanu yaying'ono kuposa imeneyo, lolani kuti ipange mphukira zambiri. Mukufuna kusankha zina zomwe zimagawanika mozungulira mbewuyo. Mukakhala ndi mitengo ikuluikulu itatu kapena isanu ndi umodzi yomwe mumakonda, mutha kuchotsa mphukira zowonjezera monga zimawonekera. M'nyengo yozizira ikangogona, dulani kuti muipangitse. Kuchotsa zochulukirapo kumachepetsa zipatso chaka chotsatira.

Kuti mumere makangaza ngati mtengo, dikirani kuti mudule mpaka chomeracho chili pakati pa zaka 2-4 ndi kutalika kwa mita 3-4. Sankhani mitengo ikuluikulu 1-3 ndikuchotsa mphukira zina zilizonse zoyamwa zikaonekera.

Pazochitika zonsezi, maluwawo amawala kwambiri komanso amakhala ndi mpweya wabwino, zipatso zamakangaza zimakhazikika ndikupanga kwake. Yesetsani kutsegula pakati, kuchotsa ziwalo zilizonse zomwe zimalumikizana.

Kusaka zolakwika

Pali mavuto angapo a makangaza omwe mungakumane nawo. Ndiroleni ndikupatseni malangizo onse omwe mungachite kuti muthane nawo!

Mavuto Akukula

Makangaza anu apanyumba atha kuchita kapena sangachite monganso mbewu zina zamkati. Amadziwika kuti ali ndi nthawi yovuta maluwa kapena kubala zipatso m'nyumba . Ndikulimbikitsidwa ngati kuli kotheka kumera izi panja.

Kuphatikiza apo, ngakhale makangaza akunja akuyenera kuloledwa kupsa kwathunthu pamtengowo. Mosiyana ndi zipatso zina, iwo musapse kamodzi mukakolola . Kuti muwone kupsa, dinani pa makangaza ndikumvera mawu achitsulo pang'ono. Komanso, yang'anani kunja ndikuwonetsetsa kuti ili ndi manyazi ofiira ofiira. Ngati zizindikirozi zikuwoneka, gwiritsani ntchito shears zosabala kuti muzidule pamtengo.

Masamba achikasu ikhoza kukhala chizindikiro cha nkhani zambiri. Kuthilira kapena kuthirira, kupitirira kapena kuthira feteleza, kuperewera kwa micronutrient monga iron kapena zinc, ndikudula nkhawa ndizofala kwambiri. Ndizovuta kuzindikira mavutowa, koma mutha kuchita izi poyesa kapena kulakwitsa mukayamba kuwona chikasu.

Tizirombo

Makangaza okhala ndi kuwonongeka kwa mbalame
Mbalame zimasenda makangaza akucha, kuwapangitsa kugawanika.

Tizirombo tambirimbiri titha kusokoneza makangaza anu shrub. Zoipitsitsa kwambiri ndizomwe zimayang'ana zokolola.

Virachola isocrates , wotchedwanso gulugufe wamakangaza , idzaikira mazira ake maluwa kapena zipatso zomwe zikukula. Mazirawo ataswa, mphutsi ngati mbozi zotchedwa Wobala zipatso zamakangaza Zidzabala zipatso ndikuwononga. Mitundu ina ya mbozi kapena zotengera tsinde Zitha kuwonekeranso. Gwiritsani ntchito bacillus thurigiensis kuthana nawo.

Zitsamba zimayambitsidwanso ndi onga tizilombo monga mealybugs . Thrips , nthata za zipatso , ndi ntchentche zoyera amathanso kupezeka. Tengani mafuta ikhoza kuthetsa tiziromboti.

Mbalame Komanso ndi tizirombo tomwe tingathe. Iwo mwachibadwa amadziwa kuti miyala ngati miyala yamtengo wapatali mkati mwa chipatso ndi yokoma. Mungafunike kuteteza zipatso zokolola ndi ukonde wa mbalame kuti muwonetsetse kuti muli ndi makangaza!

Matenda

Matenda ambiri omwe amakhudza zitsamba ndizofala.

Njira ina amavala zonse monga mawanga a masamba kapena monga zipatso zowola . Mtundu wina wovunda, zipatso za aspergillis zowola , itha kukhalanso vuto. Zonsezi nthawi zambiri zimawoneka patadutsa mvula yambiri. Ngakhale ndizovuta kuzindikira zokolola zomwe zakhudzidwa, nthawi zambiri zimakhala ndi khungu lopanda utoto. Kusunga mtengo wopanda matenda a fungus ndiye chitetezo chabwino kwambiri.

momwe angatulutsire makoswe m'munda mwanga

Matenda ena ofala kwambiri a makangaza ndi botrytis cinerea . Izi zimafalitsa zokolola panthawi yamaluwa, ndipo zimatha kuyambitsa kufota ndi kuwonongeka. Kusunga mtengo wanu wopanda botrytis ndikofunikanso!

Bowa zonsezi zitha kuchiritsidwa ndi mankhwala obowa amkuwa amkuwa. Izi zidzathandizanso anthracnose , matenda ena amtundu wamasamba omwe nthawi zina amatha kukhudza masamba a makangaza.

Pomaliza, Mitengo yamatenda a botryosphaeria ndikubwerera zitha kuchitika. Kawirikawiri pakati pa alimi kum'mwera chakum'maŵa kwa US, izi zimayambitsa zofiira zofiira pa zimayambira zomwe zimatha kukhala zikopa zazikulu. Amayambitsidwa ndi tizilombo tating'onoting'ono tating'onoting'ono, Neofusicoccum parvum ndi Lasiodiplodia theobromae. Kudulira nthambi zomwe zawonongeka ndikuwotchera kumeta ubweya pakati pa kudula ndi njira yabwino kwambiri yolamulira. Sankhani mitundu ya makangaza yomwe imagonjetsedwa ndi matenda a fungal.

Mafunso Ofunsidwa Kawirikawiri

Mitengo itatu yamakangaza
Mitengo ikuluikulu yamitengo yanu yamakangaza ndiyofala.

Q: Zimatenga nthawi yayitali bwanji kuti makangaza abereke zipatso?

A: Makangaza amapsa pakatha miyezi 5 mpaka 7 kuchokera maluwa. Komabe, chomeracho chimayenera kukhala chokhwima mokwanira kuti chibereke. Zitsamba ndi mitengo nthawi zambiri zimatenga zaka 2-3 kuti zifike pokhwima.

Q: Kodi mitengo ya makangaza imakula bwino pati?

A: Dziko la California lomwe limapanga makangaza ku US, ngakhale mayiko ambiri akumwera amatha kulima bwino. Madera omwe ali kumadera 8-11 ndi abwino kupangira makangaza.