Meyer Lemon Tree Care: Ndizokoma Kuposa Zomwe Mukuganiza!

Moyo ukakupatsani mandimu, pitani mtengo kuti zikule kwambiri! Ndi chisamaliro choyenera cha mtengo wa mandimu wa mandimu, mandimu ndi chakudya chokoma chomwe mungakule m'nyumba mwanu, kulikonse komwe mumakhala.

Ma mandimu a Meyer ndi ocheperako kuposa omwe amagulitsako. Izi zimawapatsa chisangalalo chokoma chomwe ophika ndi omwe amamwa mandimu amapenga. Mtengo womwewo ndi wokoma komanso wokongola ndi zipatso zake zambiri zachikasu-lalanje komanso masamba obiriwira nthawi zonse. Kawiri pachaka, imapanga chiwonetsero ndi masango amaluwa oyera omwe amatsitsimutsa mchipindamo ndi kafungo kabwino ka zipatso zawo.



Makhalidwe onse osangalatsawa, komanso chisamaliro chosavuta, zimapangitsa Meyer mandimu kukhala zipatso zotchuka kwambiri ku United States. Sagulitsidwa kawirikawiri m'masitolo ogulitsa zakudya, choncho wamaluwa amafunitsitsa kuti amere okha. Tikamaliza kukambirana za mtengo wowoneka bwinowu, mudzafuna kuti muzisangalalanso nawo!



Cholemba ichi chimathandizidwa ndi Mitengo Yakukula Mwachangu , gwero labwino la mitengo ya mandimu ya Meyer ndi mitundu ina yambiri.

Pezani Meyer Lemon Tree



Zogulitsa Zabwino Kukulitsa Mtengo Wa Ndimu Ya Meyer:

Chithandizo Chachangu


Dzina Loyamba Meyer Lemon Tree, Meyer Lemon Tree Yabwino, Mtengo Wa Ndimu Wangwiro, Meyer Lemon Tree
Dzina la Sayansi Citrus x meyeri 'Yasintha'
Mwezi (miyezi) Yokolola Miyezi 4-8
Kuwala Dzuwa lonse
Madzi Thirani madzi kwambiri nthaka ikauma.
Nthaka Loamy komanso kukhetsa bwino.
Feteleza Ikani kamodzi pamwezi kuyambira masika mpaka kugwa.
Tizirombo Nthata, tizilombo ting'onoting'ono, nsabwe za m'masamba, ntchentche zoyera
Matenda Malo odzoza, khungu la zipatso, Phytophthora Gummosis, mizu yowola

About Meyer Mandimu

Meyer maluwa maluwa
Pinki pang'ono asanatsegule, maluwa a mandimu a Meyer amasanduka oyera pomwe amatuluka.

Meyer mitengo ya mandimu akuganiziridwa kuti ndi mtanda pakati pa mandimu yachikhalidwe ndi mandarin lalanje. Anayambitsidwa kuchokera ku China koma anali ndi kachilombo koyambitsa matenda a citrus. Mu 1975, University of California idatulutsa mtundu womwe tikukula lero. Izi nthawi zambiri zimatchedwa mandimu 'Opititsa patsogolo' kapena 'Angwiro' chifukwa zimatsutsana ndi kachilombo ka citrus komwe kumapezeka m'makina akale a Meyer mandimu.

Mitengo ya mandimu ya Meyer imakula ngati zitsamba koma imatha kuphunzitsidwa kukula ngati mitengo yodzaza. Mukazibzala m'mitsuko, nthawi zambiri zimasungidwa kuti zikwaniritse mphikawo (pafupifupi 4 mita kutalika kapena kuchepera). Akabzalidwa pansi, amatha kutalika kwa 8-10 mpaka 10 ndikufalikira mainchesi 12.



Chifukwa ndi mtundu wosakanizidwa, mitengo ya zipatso imeneyi imabereka zipatso zabwino kwambiri ngati imamera pa chitsa m'malo mwa mbewu. Mitengo yatsopano yolumikizidwa nthawi zambiri imatenga pafupifupi zaka ziwiri kuti ibereke zipatso. Mitengo ya mandimu ya Meyer yogulitsidwa ndi nazale nthawi zambiri imalumikizidwa ku chitsa.

momwe mungakonzekerere nthaka yabzala kubzala masika

Kubzala Meyer Lemon Tree s

Bzalani mtengo wanu wa mandimu kumapeto kwa dzinja kapena koyambirira kwamasika nyengo yokukulira isanayambe. Izi zipatsa kanthawi kochepa kuti zikhazikike musanafike kuntchito. Ngati mumakhala kumadera 8-11, mutha kuyiyika pansi. M'madera ozizira, muyenera kugwiritsa ntchito chidebe ndikuchisunga m'nyumba nthawi yozizira.

Mukapeza mwana wanu mandimu ndikumusankhira malo, pang'onopang'ono mutulutseni pachidebe choyambirira. Tengani mphindi kuti musisita mzuwo ndikuchotsa mizu yakufa kapena yakufa. Kufalitsa muzu wa mizu kuti mizu isapotozane palimodzi. Bzalani kuti mizu yakumtunda isangowoneka bwino panthaka. Kenako, phatikirani nthaka ndikuwapatsa chakumwa chabwino.

Meyer Lemon Tree Kusamalira

Meyer maluwa akuyamba kupanga zipatso
Zipatso zing'onozing'ono zochokera m'mimba mwake zimangokhala zobiriwira zobiriwira.

Chisamaliro chimakhala chosavuta koma sichikhala ndi mpata wopatuka. Ngati mukufuna kupindula kwambiri ndi mtengo wanu wa Meyer wa mandimu, malangizo awa akuyenera kutsatiridwa.

Kuwala & Kutentha

Chifukwa ndi mitengo ya zipatso, mandimu a Meyer amafunikira maola osachepera 8-10 mpaka dzuwa kuti akule bwino ndikubala zipatso. Mtengo uwu ukhoza kukhala ndi masamba otenthedwa ndi dzuwa, chifukwa chake yang'anirani kuti muwone ngati izi zikuchitika. Kuti mukule bwino, sankhani malo omwe amafika dzuwa lonse m'mawa komanso kuwala kosawoneka bwino nthawi yamadzulo. Onetsetsani kuti ilandila kuwala koyenera chaka chonse.

Kutentha kuyenera kukhala pakati pa 50 ndi 80 ° F pakukula bwino. Ngati mukukula chidebe, mtengo wanu uyenera kubwereredwa m'nyumba ngati kutentha kumatsikira pansi pa 50 ° F kwakanthawi. Tetezani mtengo ku mphepo yamphamvu komanso yozizira.

Kodi Mumathirira kangati

Meyer mitengo ya zipatso ya mandimu ngati dothi lawo lonyowa koma osaloledwa. Thirirani kwambiri mpaka madzi atuluka kudzera m'mabowo. Pofuna kupewa kusefukira pamtengowu, dikirani kuti mainchesi angapo a nthaka awume musanathirenso. Ndi mtengo wazipatso uwu, ndibwino kuti ukhale pansi pamadzi kuposa kuwudumphira.

Onetsetsani kuti mwatsuka madzi owonjezera omwe amatuluka mumphika ndipo nthawi ndi nthawi muziyang'ana ngalande. Madzi ochulukirapo amatha kumira m'mizu, kukopa tizilombo, ndikupangitsa kuti mabakiteriya akule.

Kwa mitengo yobzalidwa m'nthaka, kuyeza chinyezi ndikofunikira. Amakonda dothi lawo kuti likhale lonyowa, koma osatopa kapena matope.

Mitengo yaing'ono idzafuna madzi ambiri pamene ikukula ndipo imayenera kuthiriridwa kamodzi pa sabata. Nthawi yotentha, madzi ambiri amafunikira kuti timitengo tating'onoting'ono tikhalabe ndi moyo. Mitengo yakale imatha kuthiriridwa madzi pafupipafupi, komabe imakhala ngati madzi pakati pa 3-6 mainchesi masabata angapo. Kwa mitengo yakale iyi, kuthirira kozama, kochedwa kugwiritsa ntchito kukapanda kuleka dongosolo ulimi wothirira ndibwino.

Nthaka

Nthaka ndi imodzi mwazinthu zofunika kwambiri kuti mbeu iliyonse ikhalebe ndi moyo. Mukamakula mandimu a Meyer, mudzafunika dothi loamy komanso lokhetsa bwino. Pangani kusakanikirana kwanu mwa kusakaniza magawo ofanana nthaka (a nthaka yamchenga kapena dothi losalala pang'ono ndilabwino), kusowa , ndi sphagnum peat ndowe . Mosiyanasiyana, yang'anani nthaka yothira madzi a zipatso.

Mitengo ya mandimu ya Meyer imakonda dothi pH la 5.5-6.5 (mopanda acidic mpaka kusalowerera ndale). Izi ndizofanana ndi mitengo ya zipatso ndipo ndizosavuta kukhalamo. Ngati simukudziwa pH ya nthaka yanu, ayesedwe kenako sinthani momwe zingafunikire.

Feteleza

Mandimu a Meyer ndi odyetsa kwambiri, chifukwa chake muyenera kuthira manyowa pafupipafupi. Kutengera feteleza amene mwasankha, ikani mbeu yanu kamodzi pamwezi nthawi yokula. Gwiritsani ntchito feteleza wapadera wa zipatso za zipatso zomwe zili ndi nayitrogeni wambiri.

moyo wa nyongolotsi ya phwetekere

Ngati kutulutsa kocheperako ndi kachitidwe kanu, ikani muyeso woyenera kumayambiriro kwa nyengo yokula. Pemphani nthawi yonseyi nthawi zonse phukusi limalangiza. Mosasamala kanthu za kusankha kwa feteleza, mutha kupatsa mtengowo mphamvu yowonjezera powonjezera ndi feteleza wosungunuka monga tiyi wa kompositi kapena emulsion ya nsomba.

Kuwononga

Mandimu wakhanda a Meyer pamtengo
Chipatso chakuda, chosapsa cha mandimu ya Meyer pakukula.

Mitengo ya mandimu ya Meyer imadzipangira mungu, choncho simuyenera kuda nkhawa kuti mupeza mnzanu. Mwachilengedwe, nthawi zambiri amapukutidwa ndi mphepo kapena tizilombo.

Ngati mtengo wanu umakhala m'nyumba nthawi yachilimwe ndi chilimwe, muyenera kudzaza njuchi. Pogwiritsa ntchito swab ya thonje kapena bulashi, pezani pang'onopang'ono mungu kuchokera ku duwa limodzi ndikuliphulira lina. Kuuluka mungu ndikofunikira kwambiri ngati mukufuna kupeza zipatso za mandimu mumtengo wanu.

Kukula M'makontena

Ndizofala kwambiri kuti mitengo ya mandimu ya Meyer imere m'matumba - makamaka m'malo ozizira. Mufunika osachepera chidebe cha 5 galoni chomwe chimakhala ndi mabowo. Ngati ndi zolemetsa kwambiri kunyamula ndi mtengo womwe uli mmenemo, gwiritsani ntchito dolly wosuntha kapena pemphani mnzanu kuti akuthandizeni kusuntha. Bweretsani mtengowu chaka chilichonse pakufunika kuti usakhale ndi mizu.

Ngati ili m'nyumba, ikani mtengo wanu wa mandimu pawindo lomwe limakhala ndi dzuwa tsiku lonse. Kumbukirani kuti mitengoyi imafuna kuwala kochuluka, choncho onjezerani ndi kuwala ngati kuli kofunikira. Sinthasintha mtengo pafupipafupi kuti uwunikire ngakhale kuwunika pang'ono.

Sunthani mtengo mkati kapena kunja pokhapokha kutentha kukhale kofanana. Kupanda kutero, kusiyana kwadzidzidzi kungasokoneze chomeracho. Ngati mwangosunthira panja, sungani mumthunzi kwa milungu ingapo kuti izolowere kuchuluka kwa kuwala.

Pamodzi ndi kusiyanasiyana kwa kutentha, mabacteria 8-11 nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi chinyezi chambiri kuposa malo ozizira. Mutha kuwonjezera chinyezi chowonjezera mchipinda ndi chopangira chinyezi. Tileyi yamiyala pansi pamtengo imaperekanso chinyezi chowonjezera.

Dziwani kuti ngati mtengo wanu uli m'nyumba mokha, zipatsozo zimatha kutenga chaka chonse kuti zipse.

Kudulira / Kuphunzitsa

Kudulira mtengo wanu wa mandimu wa Meyer kuti musunge kukula kwake ndipo nthambi zake zizikhala zolimba mokwanira kuti zizikhala zolemera. Nawa maupangiri odulira mwachangu:

  • Chotsani nthambi zopanda zipatso zomwe zimakula molunjika.
  • Chotsani nthambi zomwe zikudutsa kapena zikukula mkati.
  • Sungani pakati pa mtengo kuti muchepetse mokwanira kuti uzilimbikitsa kufalikira kwa mpweya.
  • Pofuna kukula ngati mtengo, chotsani mphukira zapansi kotero zimasunga thunthu limodzi.
  • Meyer mandimu atha kuphunzitsidwa ngati mtengo wa espalier !

Mutha kuthandiza mtengo wanu kubala zipatso zabwinonso potumiza mphamvu zake kudzera mu kudulira. Khalani mandimu akuluakulu pochepetsa zipatso zonse kukhala mandimu amodzi kapena awiri. Mphamvu zomwe mtengowo ukadayika mu mandimu onse omwe achotsedwa m'malo mwake zipita mwa ochepa omwe mwasankha kuti musunge. Zitha kuwoneka ngati zamanyazi, koma izi ziziwunika mphamvu ya mtengoyi kuti ipange zipatso zabwino kwambiri komanso kukula kwamasamba.

Kufalitsa Meyer Lemon Tree s

Ma mandimu a Meyer omwe amalimidwa kuchokera ku njere samakhwima kawirikawiri ndipo amabala zipatso. M'malo mwake, wamaluwa ambiri amakonda kufalitsa ndi tsinde kapena kudula kumtengowo. Nazi zonse zomwe muyenera kudziwa.

Kufalitsa nthawi yokula pamene mtengo ukugwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zake. Mufunika zida zotsatirazi:

  • Chidebe chimodzi cha magaloni 1 okhala ndi mabowo ngalande
  • Wosawoneka bwino, wokhetsa nthaka
  • Kutulutsa mahomoni
  • Chovala chonyowa
  • Zodula zosabala
  • Mpeni wakuthwa, woyera

Pogwiritsa ntchito zida zanu zodulira, dulani kuchokera kumapeto kwa nthambi yathanzi. Iyenera kukhala yokhwima koma yosadulidwa ndi maluwa ndi zipatso. Kudula kumafunika kukhala kokwanira kuti mukhale ndi masamba 2-3 masamba. Nthawi yomweyo kukulunga mbali yodulidwayo mu chopukutira chonyowa kuti musamaume.

Dulani zonse kupatula masamba 3-4 apamwamba pakucheka. Chotsani masamba alionse. Ndi mpeni wakuthwa, weretsani mapeto mozungulira 45 °.

Sungani kumapeto kwa kudula mu mahomoni ozika mizu kenako ndikumamatira moyenerera panthaka yonyowa. Nthaka ndi mphika ziyenera kukhala zopanda kanthu kuti zisawononge matenda okhudzana ndi zipatso.

Sungani dothi lonyowa komanso kuwala kwa dzuwa mozungulira. Pafupifupi milungu 8, kudula kumazula ndikuyamba kukula masamba atsopano.

Kukolola & Kusunga Ma Meyer Mandimu

Kuyerekeza kwa meyer mandimu ndi mandimu eureka
Ndimu ya Meyer kumanzere, mandimu woyenera kumanja. Onani kukula kwakung'ono ndi mawonekedwe osiyana pang'ono.

Ili liyenera kukhala gawo losangalatsa komanso lopindulitsa kwambiri pakukula mtengo wazipatso. Zokolola ndizosavuta ndipo zipatso zake ndizosangalatsa!

Kukolola

Mtengo wa zipatsozi ndi zipatso zake kawiri pachaka, nthawi zambiri kumayambiriro kwa masika ndi kugwa. Zitha kutenga miyezi 6 kapena kupitilira apo kuti mandimu akhwime, chifukwa chake muyenera kukhala oleza mtima. Mandimu amangopsa pamtengowo, choncho musawasankhe msanga. Akakhwima, adzakhala mtundu wa dzira yolk ndipo khungu limakhala lofewa pang'ono kukhudza. Ayeneranso kukhala ndi kulemera kofanana ndi mandimu ena.

Dulani kapena dulani zipatso pamtengo kuti musawonongeke pomudula. Ma mandimu a Meyer ndi abwino kudyedwa mwatsopano ndipo ndiosangalatsa pafupifupi mbale iliyonse. Kuphatikiza apo, ndi abwino kwa mandimu!

Kusunga

Ma mandimu a Meyer omwe amasiyidwa pakauntala ya kukhitchini nthawi zambiri samatha sabata. Komabe, kuwasungira m'thumba losindikizidwa mufiriji kumawonjezera kutalika kwa moyo wawo mwezi umodzi! Dulani mandimu iyenera kusindikizidwa mufiriji momwemonso ndipo izikhala masiku ochepa.

Ma mandimu amatha kuzizidwa koma amatha kukhala shy akasungunuka. Nthawi zambiri amakhala oundana ndipo madzi awo amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi zakumwa. Ingowasungirani mufiriji kwa miyezi 3-4 ngati kwathunthu. Ngati yamadzimadzi, madziwo amatha kuzizidwa kwa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi.

Mutha kusunga mandimu a Meyer nthawi yayitali powayika ngati ma jamu, ma jellies, kapena ma marmalade. Kuphatikiza apo, pali njira zambiri zotetezera mandimu a Meyer kapena amchere, ambiri omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito pazakudya zaku Mediterranean.

Zest ya mandimu nthawi zambiri imakhala imodzi mwamtengo wapatali kwambiri wa Meyer mandimu. Mbali yakunja ya peelyo imakhala ndi mafuta ambiri omwe amapanga kununkhira kwapadera kwa mandimu. Ena amasankha kutaya madzi m'thupi kapena amaundana mandimu kuti adzawagwiritse ntchito mtsogolo, koma sizikhala zowoneka bwino komanso zowala kwambiri.

Kuti mukhale ndi mandimu yokoma mukamagwiritsa ntchito kuphika mtsogolo, yesani kuthira mandimu mwachindunji m'mbale ya shuga. Sambani shuga ndi mandimu pamodzi ndi zala zanu, kenaka muziike pamalo otentha mpaka zest ziume. Chosungitsa madzi m'thupi chopangira zitsamba (pansi pamadigiri 100) ndichabwino kuti muumitse shuga wa ndimu. Mukakhala wouma, sungani mabala aliwonse omwe apanga ndikuwasunga mumtsuko wamasoni. Njirayi imagwira ntchito bwino kuti mchere ugwiritsenso ntchito kuphika bwino!

mapulani a mabedi okwezeka m'miyendo

Kusaka zolakwika

Meyer mtengo wa mandimu
Ma mandimu a Meyer ali ndi mawonekedwe olimba, koma amatha kudulira chizolowezi chamtengo umodzi.

Ma mandimu a Meyer otukuka atha kukhala opanda kachilombo ka zipatso, koma sizitanthauza kuti alibe mavuto. Nazi zina mwazinthu zofunika kuzisamala.

Mavuto Akukula

Ngati mtengo wanu wa zipatso uli nawo masamba achikasu , mwina amafunika feteleza kapena madzi ambiri. Ngati kumizidwa ndi madzi kuli vuto pano, masamba nawonso adzauma. Mutha kuthamangira kukonza izi, koma osaziwonjezera pamadzi ngati yankho! Patsani mtengo wanu madzi pang'ono ndi pang'ono. Zomwezo zimaphatikizapo kuwonjezera feteleza. Ngati chomera chanu chili kale ndi pulogalamu ya feteleza, onjezerani feteleza wamadzi kuti muwonjezere.

Madandaulo ofala ponena za mandimu a Meyer akukula m'nyumba ndikuti iwo sizikupanga maluwa kapena kubala zipatso . Izi zikuchitika makamaka chifukwa mtengowu sukupeza dzuwa lokwanira. Iyenera kudzilimbitsa momwe ingathere popanga zipatso. Pezani malo opumira dzuwa kuti muike mtengo ndikuganiza zowonjezerapo ndikuwala.

Masamba a Wilting ndi chizindikiro cha madzi ochuluka kwambiri. Kuthirira madzi kumatha kuwononga zomera, choncho samalani. Onetsetsani kuti masentimita angapo apamwamba a nthaka ndi owuma musanathirire. Ngati dothi limakhala lonyowetsedwa nthawi zonse, yesetsani kusintha kuti likhale labwino kwambiri.

Tizirombo

Pali tizirombo tambiri tomwe titha kuwononga mitengo ya zipatso, koma omwe mudzawaone kwambiri ndi omwewo nthata za zipatso , Tizilombo toyambitsa zipatso , ntchentche zoyera , ndipo nsabwe . Onse anayi amadyetsa masamba amtengowo poyamwa timadziti. Zitha kuchititsa izi:

  • Mawanga achikasu
  • Kutaya masamba
  • White cottony kapena waxy material (scale tizilombo)
  • Brown, masamba opindika

Kupewa ndi njira yosavuta yosungira ndimu yanu kukhala yosangalala. Sungani mtengo wanu pochotsa masamba kapena nthambi zakufa, zipatso zakucha kwambiri, ndi zinyalala zina. Dulani nthambi kuti pakhale mpweya wokwanira pakati pawo.

Ngati pali tizirombo kale pa mtengo wanu, kugwiritsa ntchito horticultural mafuta kapena tengani mafuta amatha kuthetsa mazira ambiri ndi mphutsi. Mankhwala ophera tizilombo monga pyrethrin amathanso kugwiritsidwa ntchito kupha tizirombo.

Matenda

Kuteteza tizirombo kumathandizanso kupewa matenda mumbewu yanu. Ngati mtengo wanu ukuwonetsabe zizindikiro, onani tchati cha momwe mungawathandizire:

Matenda Zizindikiro Pewani Chiritsani
Malo Opaka MafutaMafuta owopsa, matuza ofiira pamasamba.Dutsani fungicide yamkuwa pamasamba asanafike komanso pambuyo pa chilimwe.Dulani fungicide yamkuwa pamasamba onse.
Canker ya CitrusKufa nthambi, kutayika kwa masamba, ndi zotupa zofiirira.Dutsani mtengo ndi zipatso ndi fungicide yamkuwa kwa miyezi ingapo maluwawo atatha.Chotsani magawo omwe ali ndi kachilomboka.
Phytophthora GummosisUtsi womwe uli ndi matenda a mafangasi otuluka m'khunguyo umatha kupanga zilonda kapena kupangitsa kuti makungwawo ayambe kutuluka.Sungani thunthu louma komanso kutentha. Gwiritsani ntchito nthaka yabwino kwambiri ndikuyang'ana mtengo nthawi ndi nthawi ngati muli ndi matenda.Sakanizani fungus ya fungus fosetyl-al malingana ndi malangizo a phukusi ndikupopera kapena kupaka pamtengo. Fungicide yamkuwa ndi njira yachilengedwe.
Mizu yowolaMizu kukhala bulauni ndi mushy. Chowola chikhoza kufalikira kuma nthambi ndi masamba.Gwiritsani ntchito nthaka yabwino kwambiri ndipo musapitirire madzi. Chotsani zinyalala m'nthaka, sungani thunthu louma, ndikutchera kuti mpweya uzizungulira.Chotsani magawo omwe ali ndi kachilombo ka muzu (muzomera zodzala zidebe) ndikusintha nthaka.

Mafunso Ofunsidwa Kawirikawiri

Q: Kodi malo a khofi ndi abwino kwa mitengo ya mandimu ya Meyer?

KU: Malo a khofi ndizosintha kwakukulu pamitengo yambiri. Sadzasokoneza nthaka, choncho musawadalire kuti akuthandizeni! Koma adzapereka nayitrogeni wocheperako momwe amawonongera.

Q: Zimatenga nthawi yayitali bwanji kuti mtengo wa mandimu wa Meyer ubereke zipatso?

Yankho: Ngati mwagula mtengo wanu wamphatidwa kale ndikukula, zingatenge zaka ziwiri kuti mupange zipatso. Ngati mukukulitsa mandimu a Meyer kuchokera ku cuttings, muyenera kuyembekezera zaka 3-5 kuti mupeze zipatso.

momwe mungathere mtengo wa botolo

Q: Nchifukwa chiyani masamba anga a Meyer mandimu akusintha?

Y: Mtengo wanu ukhoza kuthiriridwa kapena ungafune zowonjezera zowonjezera. Dziwani kuti ndi yani poyang'ana chinyezi cha nthaka. Nthawi zina, masamba achikasu amatha kukhala chizindikiro cha tizilombo kapena matenda, chifukwa chake yang'anani zina.


Kodi mwakonzeka kuyesa chidziwitso chanu chatsopano cha zipatso? Zitha kutenga nthawi kuti muzolowere zosowa za Meyer mandimu, koma uwu uyenera kukhala mtengo wosavuta kusamalira. Chitani bwino, ndipo mudzalandira mphotho ya masamba owala bwino, maluwa onunkhira bwino, ndi mandimu abwino kwambiri omwe mudalawapo!