Kukulitsa Chipinda Cha mpweya 101

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Olima m'nyumba amasangalala ndi nyengo yopanda malire, kuwongolera kwathunthu momwe zinthu zikukulira, komanso kukhala kosavuta kukula mkati. Izi zonse zimveka bwino, koma nthawi zambiri timaiwala zakukula kwa mpweya.



Kuyesera kwanga koyamba pakukula m'nyumba kunali ndi mavuto. Ndidali ndi fani yokhazikitsidwa, yomwe ndimaganiza kuti ndiyokwanira kuperekera mpweya wazomera zanga. Ndinali wolakwa. Kupeza mpweya wokwanira bwino kumafuna zambiri kuposa kungoyang'ana pakona.



Ngati mukufunabe mafunso ngati awa:

  • Chifukwa chiyani zipinda zokulirapo zimafunikira mpweya wabwino?
  • Kodi kutulutsa chipinda kukula?
  • Kodi mumadziwa bwanji kuti ndi fanasi iti yogula?

Musachite mantha. Ndapanga zolakwitsa zonsezi (ndi zina)… kotero simuyenera kutero. Chipinda chokhala ndi mpweya ndikosavuta malinga ngati mumvetsetsa zoyambira. Kotero tiyeni tilowe mmenemo.



Chifukwa Chiyani Muyenera Kutulutsa Mpweya Wanu Kukula?

Nanga ndichifukwa chiyani zipinda zokulitsira ndikukula matenti zimafunikira mpweya wabwino? Zotsatira zake, pali zifukwa zingapo.

Zomera zomwe zimakula panja zimasangalala ndi mphepo, kuwala kwa dzuwa, nthunzi, komanso mpweya. M'nyumba, timalowetsa mafani m'malo mwa kamphepo kayaziyazi ndi nthunzi, timakulitsa magetsi a kuunika kwa dzuwa, ndi makina othirira mvula. Zomwe timakonda kuiwala ndikuti panja, mpweya umazungulira mwachilengedwe kuposa chipinda chanu chokula.

Mumafunikira zonse zokuthandizani komanso makina opangira mpweya kuti mpweya wanu uzikhala watsopano. Nachi chifukwa.



Chotsani Kutentha Kwambiri

Kukula kwa magetsi kumatulutsa kutentha. Zingamveke ngati zochepa kwa inu, koma kutentha pang'ono kungatanthauze kusiyana pakati pa zokolola zabwino ndi zosapindulitsa. Nyali zina zokula zimatulutsa kutentha kuposa zina, koma zonse zimatulutsa kutentha kokwanira kupumira mpweya.

Sungani Chinyezi

Chinyezi ndichinthu china chomwe chingayambitse mavuto ndi makina akukulira m'nyumba. Zomera zimatulutsa nthunzi tsiku lonse zomwe zimapangitsa chinyezi cha chipinda chanu chokula. Chinyezi chosalamulirika chimayambitsa kukula kosauka ndipo chingayambitse kukula kwa tizirombo ndi matenda.

Njira yabwino yopumiramo mpweya imachotsanso madzi ena omwe amatulutsidwa panthawi yopuma, kulola kuti mbewu zanu zizitha madzi ambiri ndikukoka michere kudzera mumizu yake, kukulitsa kukula.

Pewani Tizirombo ndi Matenda

Kuyenda kwa mpweya kumathandiza kupewa tizirombo ndi matenda. Nkhungu, powdery mildew , nthata za kangaude ndipo Udzudzu wa bowa amakonda malo amphumphu, achinyezi. Tizirombo timayikira mazira m'nthaka yonyowa, motero kukhala ndi zimakupiza kuti dothi louma likhoza kuchedwetsa kubereka kwawo, ndipo kamphepo kayaziyazi kamapangitsa kuti zikhale zovuta kuti zizikhazikika pazomera zako poyamba.

Kuwongolera kwa CO2

Zomera zimafuna mpweya wakunja chifukwa chimodzi chachikulu: CO2. Zomera zimayamwa CO2 tsiku lonse ngati gawo lazakudya zawo. Ngati khola lanu lakukula limasindikizidwa, izi zikutanthauza kuti mulingo wa CO2 mchipindamo umachepa pang'onopang'ono, ndikuchepetsa kukula kwa mbewu zanu. Mpweya wabwino umabweretsa mpweya wabwino komanso CO2 yatsopano kuchokera kunja ndikuchotsa mpweya wakale kuchipinda chanu chokulirapo, kukulitsa kukula ndi zokolola.

Sinthani Kupsinjika kwa Mphepo

Zomera zakunja nthawi zonse zimakumana ndi mphepo. Izi zimapangitsa kuti zimvo zake zizilimba, zomwe zimawathira ntchito ikafika nthawi yobereka zipatso. Zomera zolimba zimatulutsa ndikukula bwino kuposa mbewu zosafooka, zomwe zimatha kusiya zolemera zawo.

Nanga bwanji mukusowa chipinda chokhala ndi mpweya wabwino? Tiyeni tiwunikenso. Njira yabwino yopumira mpweya:

  • Amachepetsa mwayi wa matenda monga nkhungu ndi powdery mildew pakukula
  • Zimathandiza kuteteza mbewu zanu ku tizirombo monga akangaude ndi Udzudzu wa bowa
  • Ikuthandizani kuti muchepetse kutentha ndi chinyezi cha chipinda chanu chokula
  • Zimathandizira kulimbitsa zimayambira za mbeu zanu

Ngati zifukwa izi sizikukutsimikizirani kuti mukufunikira chipinda chokhala ndi chipinda chokwanira, ganizirani mtengo wake.

Kukula kwa mahema sikotsika mtengo. Ngati mupanga ndalama mu hema wokulirapo kapena chipinda chokula, mutha kuchichita bwino.

Momwe Mungasinthire Mpweya Wanu Kukula

Ikani Otsatira Omwe Akukulira M'chipinda Chokulira

Mukamaphunzira kutulutsa chipinda chokula, kumbukirani kuti chipinda chanu chokhala ndi mpweya wabwino chimafunikira mitundu iwiri ya mafani.

  1. Makina opangira mpweya
  2. Kusokoneza mafani
Hydrofarm Air Air ACF16 Wall Mount Fan, 16 inchi Hydrofarm Air Air ACF16 Wall Mount Fan, 16 inchi
  • Wotchi ya Wall mound imathandizira kukulitsa mbewu zathanzi
  • Kumachepetsa kutentha ndi kutsika kwamasamba; yosalala ndi ...
  • Zochita za 90 digiri; 3 liwiro zoikamo
Onani Mtengo Wapano

Tidzafika pakuwongolera kotengera kwa mpweya pambuyo pake, kotero pakadali pano tiyeni tiwone zokopa za mafani. Mafaniwa onse ndi otchipa komanso ogwira ntchito, omwe ndi mawonekedwe anga awiri omwe ndimawakonda kwambiri. Amawomba mpweya nthawi zonse pamwamba, pansi, komanso mozungulira mbewu zanu, ndikuthandizira kuti chipinda chokuliracho chiziziziritsa komanso kuti mpweya uziyenda bwino.

Mafilimu osunthira amakhalanso osavuta kukhazikitsa ndikusunthira, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti mutha kuyesa kosavuta kuti muwonetsetse kuti mupeza malo abwino kwa mafani anu. Mukufuna kuti mafani anu osunthika afikire madera onse mchipinda chokuliracho, zomwe zingatanthauze kuyika ndalama m'mafani ochepa, koma mufunanso kuteteza mafani anu kuti asaloze mwachindunji kuzomera zanu. Izi zitha kubweretsa 'kuwotcha kwa mphepo' ndipo zitha kuwononga mbewu zanu (ganizirani kamphepo kayezi kaye pakati pamvula yamkuntho).

Kukhazikitsa mafani osangalatsa zidzakuthandizani kutentha ndi chinyezi mchipinda chanu chokula, koma mafani okhawo sakwanira. Mufunikira makina opangira mpweya kuti mpweya uzikhala mchipinda chanu chokulirapo kapena kuti muzimera zatsopano.

Makina Othandizira Mpweya

Mpweya wabwino
Kukhazikitsa koyambira kofunikira. gwero

Makina opangira mpweya amatulutsa mpweya wakale ndikubweretsa mpweya wabwino, womwe mbewu zanu zimafunikira ngati mukufuna kuti zikule bwino. Momwemo, makina anu opangira zida ayenera kusintha mpweya wanu mchipinda chanu chokulira mphindi iliyonse, kapena mphindi zitatu kapena zisanu zilizonse. Izi zikutanthauza kuti muyenera kusankha woyenera kukula pantchitoyo.

Kuphatikiza kukula kwa hema ndikukhazikitsa mpweya wabwino ndi chimodzi mwazisankho zabwino kwambiri zomwe ndidapanga. Musanagulitse ndalama zanu pakukula mahema, tengani miniti kuti muwerenge zakukula kwamatenti. Nthawi yabwino yoyika makina olowetsa mpweya m'chihema chanu chokula ndi nthawi yokhazikitsidwa, chifukwa simudzafunika kugwira ntchito kuzomera zomwe zilipo kapena kusintha makina anu.

Kuwerengera Mphamvu za Fan

Kuwerengera mphamvu ya fan yomwe mukufuna imafuna masamu pang'ono , koma ndi yosavuta. Fans adavotera ndi CFM, kapena cubic feet pamphindi. Kuti mudziwe CFM yomwe mukufuna, muyenera kudziwa:

  • Kukula kwa chipinda chanu chokula kapena chihema
  • Mwachangu utsi

Terengani voliyumu yonse yazachipinda chanu ndikuchulukitsa kutalika x m'lifupi x kutalika. Uku ndiyeso ya kiyubiki yachipinda chanu. Gwiritsitsani nambala iyi. Chotsatira, tidzachulukitsa ndikutsika bwino.

Kuchita bwino kumeneku kumasiyanasiyana kutengera msinkhu komanso kapangidwe ka fyuluta ndi kutalika kwa njira pakati pa fani ndi fyuluta, pamwamba pamndandanda wazinthu zina. Pang'ono ndi pang'ono, mukufuna kuchulukitsa kuchuluka kwa chipinda chanu ndi 25%, koma nayi lamulo labwino la chala chachikulu: ngati muli ndi njira yayitali, ichulukitseni ndi atatu, ndipo ngati mulifupikitsa ingowonjezerani ndi 2.

Njira yanu iyenera kuwoneka motere:

  • Kuchuluka kwa chipinda x kutsika kwabwino = CFM

Mwachitsanzo, ngati kuchuluka kwa chipinda chanu kuli masentimita 320 ndipo muli ndi kanjira kochepa, ndiye kuti mukufuna kuchulukitsa nambala iyi ndi 2.

  • 320 x 2 = 640

Tsopano popeza muli ndi CFM yanu, yang'anani wokonda kuposa manambalawa. Ngati izi ndizosokoneza, onani kanemayu.

Passive Intake vs Active Intake

Pali njira ziwiri zomwe mungabweretsere mpweya mchipinda chanu chokula, chomwe chimatchedwa kungodya kapena kudya mwachangu.

Kudya mopepuka kumangodalira mpweya wabwino komanso kupanikizika koyipa. Ndi chipinda chokhala ndi chipinda chokhala ndi chipinda chokwanira, muli ndi zimakupiza zomwe zikuwombera mpweya koma mulibe zimakupizira zomwe zikuwombera mpweya mmalo mwake mumakhala ndi bowo lolowetsa lomwe limalola mpweya watsopano kulowa, chifukwa cha kukakamira kwakunja kwa chipinda ndi kunja.

Kuti pulogalamu yangokhala chabe igwire ntchito, muyenera kuwonetsetsa kuti dzenje lanu lolowera limakulirapo katatu kapena kanayi kuposa dzenje lotulutsa utsi. Izi zilepheretsa zimakupiza kuti zizigwira ntchito mopitirira muyeso ndipo zithandizira makina anu opumira kuti akwaniritse bwino. Muthanso kukhala ndi zibowo zingapo zopitilira muyeso.

Makina ogwiritsira ntchito mwachangu amakoka mpweya kulowa mchipinda chanu chokulirapo ndi fan. Zonse izi zikutanthauza kuti muli ndi fanasi imodzi yomwe ikuwombera mpweya komanso mpweya wina ukupumira. Kukula kwa dzenje lodyera kulibe kanthu m'dongosolo lino, kotero ngati dzenje lanu lolowera ndilofanana ndi kutuluka kwanu pamenepo mungafune kulingalira pogwiritsa ntchito njira yogwiritsira ntchito.

Kulamulira Chinyezi

Chinyezi chimagwira gawo lalikulu pantchito yazaumoyo wazomera. Chinyezi chochulukirapo chimatha kubweretsa matenda mchipinda chanu chokulirapo ndipo zochepa kwambiri zimatha kusokoneza kukula, chifukwa chake tifunika kuyang'anira chinyezi nthawi zonse.

Chinyezi mchipinda chokula chimakhala chifukwa cha kusintha kwa zinthu. Kutulutsa ndi njira yomwe masamba a chomeracho amapatsira madzi mumlengalenga. Mofanana ndi udzu, zokoka zomwe zimapangidwa ndi kutulutsa thupi zimakoka michere kudzera mumizu pomwe chomera chimatulutsa nthunzi yamadzi.

Ichi ndichifukwa chake mbewu zimasiya kukula zikauma. Sikuti mukungowamana madzi okha, mukumawavutitsa ndi njala zonse. Kumbali yokhotakhota, chinyezi chochuluka mlengalenga chimapanga malo abwino oti matenda ndi tiziromboti chikule ndikulepheretsanso kutuluka kwa madzi, ndikulepheretsa chomeracho kupanga kupumira, chifukwa chake muyenera kukweza ndi kuchepetsa chinyezi mchipinda chanu chokula mosavuta.

Kutsitsa chinyezi ndikosavuta. Zomwe mukufunikira ndikutulutsa mpweya wotulutsa chinyezi pogwiritsa ntchito makina otulutsa utsi, bola ngati mpweya wochokera pakudyawo ndi wochepa kwambiri poyerekeza ndi mpweya wamkati mchipinda. Muthanso kukhazikitsa dehumidifier.

Pali nthawi zina pakukula komwe mungafunikire kukweza chinyezi. Kusindikiza tenti yanu yokula kapena kuzimitsa kachitidwe kanu kotulutsa utsi kumakweza chinyezi mchipindacho mwachangu.

Chitani kafukufuku pang'ono pamagawo azinyontho omwe amasankhidwa ndi mbewu zanu ndipo yesetsani kuti magawowo asayandikire. Kumbukiraninso kuti mbewu zikuluzikulu zimatulutsa nthunzi yochuluka kuposa zomera zing'onozing'ono, kotero kuti mbeu zanu zikamakula mungafunike kumvetsera kwambiri chinyezi.

Jekeseni wa CO2

Ngati mbewu zikufuna CO2 kuti zitheke, ndiye kuti zikuwoneka zomveka kuti zonse zomwe tiyenera kuchita kuti tithandizire kukula kwa mbewu ndikulowetsa CO2 m'hema wanu wokula. Ngakhale mukuganiza kuti izi ndi zoona, pali zinthu zingapo zomwe muyenera kudziwa musanagwiritse ntchito jakisoni wa CO2 mchipinda chanu chokula.

Majekeseni a CO2 amafuna chipinda chokulirapo chosindikizidwa pazifukwa ziwiri zofunika kwambiri. Choyamba ndi kuchita bwino. CO2 imagwira ntchito pamlingo wokwera kwambiri, zomwe zikutanthauza kuti mumafunikira chipinda chosindikizidwa kapena kukula kwa mahema kuti magwiritsidwe ake akhale okwanira.

wakupha wabwino kwambiri wa udzu pazinyama zapansi

Chachiwiri ndi chitetezo. Mulingo wapamwamba wa CO2 wolimbikitsidwa pazomera ndiowopsa kwa anthu. Simukufuna kuti CO2 iwonjeze kulowa mnyumba mwanu ndikuyika achibale anu pachiwopsezo.

Musanawonjezere CO2 yowonjezera, kumbukiraninso kuti mumafunikira magetsi owala bwino kuti mbewu zanu zizitha kugwiritsa ntchito bwino CO2. MH / HPS magetsi kapena magetsi amphamvu a LED amatulutsa kuwala kokwanira, koma ma FL ndi ma T5s sali owala mokwanira kuti angapeze zotsatira zabwino kwenikweni.

Ndiye muyenera kuwonjezera CO2 pamalo anu okula? Kuphatikiza CO2 ndichinthu chomwe muyenera kuganizira mukamaliza zina zonse zadongosolo lanu, chifukwa ndizothandiza kwambiri m'malo okhathamira. Muyeneranso kuyeza mtengo wake. Ngati mukusangalala ndi zokolola zanu ndipo muli ndi bajeti yochepa, ndiye kuti jakisoni wa CO2 sofunikira.

Ngati, kumbali inayo, muli ndi chipinda chosinthira mu bajeti yanu ndipo mukufuna kuyesa zokolola zomwe zikuwonjezeka ndi CO2, ndiye kuti mufufuze yesani.

Kukula Chipinda cha Mpweya wabwino FAQ

Tiyeni tipeze mafunso omwe amayankhidwa kawirikawiri tisanamalize phunziroli.

Q. Ndimafunikira wotani?

Kusankha wokonda chipinda chanu chokhala ndi mpweya wabwino sikophweka. Pali zosankha zambiri kunjaku. Pongoyambira, mukufunikira chidebe chapa intaneti chomwe chili chachikulu kuposa chipinda chanu chokula chomwe chikuwerengedwa CFM.

Mukakhala ndi mafotokozedwe a fanani, muyenera kusankha kapangidwe ndi mtundu. Fans amakhala pamitengo, onetsetsani kuti mukuwerenga zambiri pazogulitsa kuti muwonetsetse kuti mumakonda kwambiri ndalama zanu. Onaninso kuti muwone ngati fyuluta ibwera ndi fanasi kapena ngati mukufuna kugula payokha.

Q. Kodi ndimafunikira fanizi wamkulu bwanji pa babu yanga?

Chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe zingakuthandizeni kuchepetsa kusaka kwanu ndi kukula kwa babu yanu. Mafani ambiri amabwera mainchesi 4-inchi, 6-inchi, ndi 8-inchi. Mwinamwake mukufuna kupeza osachepera masentimita 6 masentimita chifukwa cha kukula kwa kutsegula kwa kuwala. Kutsegula uku kumakhala mainchesi 6, koma yesani kuti mutsimikizire.

Q. Ndikufunikira fani yotani mchipinda changa?

Kuti mudziwe kukula kwa chipinda chanu muyenera kuwerengera CFM ya chipinda chanu pogwiritsa ntchito njira yomwe tidapitako kale. Nambala iyi itha kukuthandizani kuti mupeze mafani osiyanasiyana omwe angagwire ntchito bwino pakukhazikitsa kwanu.

Kuphatikiza apo, muyenera kugwiritsanso ntchito mafani ena otsika mtengo kuti muthandize kuwongolera kutentha ndikuwongolera mpweya mu chipinda chanu chokula.

Q. Kodi wokonda wanga wazakudya ayenera kukhala wamkulu motani?

Kukula kwa zimakupiza zomwe umadya zimadalira zinthu ziwiri: momwe mumagwiritsira ntchito, komanso kukula kwanu. Ngati mumagwiritsa ntchito njira yodyetsera, yankho lake ndi losavuta. Simukusowa wokonda kudya. Ngati mugwiritsa ntchito njira yogwiritsira ntchito, sankhani fani yomwe ili yofanana ndi yomwe mumakonda.

Q. Kodi mavuto ndi otani?

Kupsinjika ndi komwe kupanikizika mkati mwachipinda chanu chokulirapo kumakhala kochepera kuposa kukakamira kunja kwa chipinda. Mfundo imeneyi imagwira ntchito mukamadya, chifukwa kukakamizidwa mchipindacho kumatulutsa mpweya wabwino kuchokera kunja kudzera pa bowo lanu.

Osokonezeka? Ganizirani za kukakamizidwa ngati ulendo wapansi pamadzi m'bokosi la plywood. Mukamira, madzi amathamangira kulowa m'bokosimo chifukwa kuthamanga kwa bokosi ndikotsika kupsinjika kwa madzi akunja. Tsopano yerekezerani kuti madzi othamangira mkati ndi mpweya wabwino ndipo madzi omwe akuchoka mu thovu ndi mpweya wakuda. Mukamira, dzilimbikitseni pakumvetsetsa kupsinjika kolakwika.

Q. Kodi ndikufunika kotani?

Makina osunthika a aluminiyamu amagwiranso ntchito bwino pakukula kwambiri. Ndiwotsika mtengo komanso kosavuta kuyika, koma mutha kugwiritsanso ntchito zotchingira zotsekemera kapena chindodo cholemera kwambiri, kutengera zomwe mumakonda komanso bajeti.

Chofunika kukumbukira mukasankha kukwera ndi kukula. Mipata ing'onoing'ono imapangitsa kuti mpweya usamatsike kwambiri, monganso ma boti ambiri amatembenukira m'ngalande komanso kutalika kwa ngalandeyo, chifukwa mpweya umachepetsa momwe iyenera kuyendera.

Q. Ndingatani kuti ndithandizire kukonza magudumu anga?

Ngati muli ndi zotayirira zosunthika, chinthu choyamba chomwe mungachite ndikutulutsa makwinya. Izi ziwonjezera kutuluka kwa mpweya ndikusintha magwiridwe antchito anu. Muthanso kuyesa kuyambiranso njirayo kuti pasakhale mayendedwe ochepa, ndipo ngati zingatheke kufupikitsa kutalika kwa njira.

Pitani Patsogolo Mukapume mpweya wabwino!

Ndikukhulupirira kuti mudasangalala ndi phunziroli pamakina opumira a chipinda. Kusankha makina oyenera a chipinda chanu chokulirapo ndi kovuta, ndichifukwa chake ndikuganiza kuti ndikofunikira kuti olima m'nyumba amvetsetse momwe makina opumira mpweya amagwirira ntchito komanso maubwino okweza makina opumira. Mukadziwa zoyambira, mutha kukhala ndi mwayi wosankha njira yoyenera yogwirira ntchito.

Kodi muli ndi chipinda chodyera chomwe mumakonda?

Kodi muli ndi zomwe mungawonjezere pazokambiranazi?

Chonde khalani omasuka kuyankhapo pansipa kapena kugawana nkhaniyi ndi ena wamaluwa, ndikukula bwino!